Before 1970 AD, urban water was managed by the Al-Nour Company and the Ministry of Works and Public Utilities, and in 1970 AD the water facilities at the Ministry of Works were annexed to the Central Electricity and Water Administration and thus all city utilities were devolved to the central administration. In 1983, the National Water Authority was established and cities water was distributed to the regions, In 1986 AD, the National Urban Water Authority was established, and thus urban water became centrally managed.
Given the importance of this sector, it has found growing interest by the state in continuous attempts to improve its performance in terms of structure and subordination to various ministries and between central and local levels. The history of the drinking sector management can be summarized as follows:
1919 - 1948 :
The Water Saving and Rural Development Department was established on the ruins of the Land Investment Authority.
1948 - 1956 :
Worked under the name of Soil and Water Conservation at the Ministry of Agriculture
1956 - 1966 :
The Water Department remained in the Ministry of Agriculture and was added to the Land and Rural Water Investment Authority
1966 - 1969 :
Due to the importance of this sector, the Rural Water Provision Authority was established, which has become a legal entity
1969 - 1981
The matter of the Water Saving Authority was settled under the supervision of the Ministry of Energy
1981 - 1992 :
The sector was restructured and two governmental bodies were created:
- National Urban Water Authority
- National Rural Water Authority
In 1992 Resolution 1155 was issued, which was considered a turning point in the course of structuring the water sector in Sudan, as it led to the disintegration of the Water Authority and the formation of the National Drilling Company / and the National Construction Company / and the National Company for Manufacturing and Management of Groundwater and Valleys, and the tasks of the National Water Authority were limited to developing public policies, strategies and national planning And overseeing federal and externally funded projects and national training tasks, and then state bodies established the decision to limit their tasks to managing existing water utilities, production and distribution of water, and a law was passed for each body through state legislatures. This decision weakened the interdependence of water cadres and their distribution to several sectors without an institutional relationship between them and In light of this decision, the following took place:
The National Water Authority was established and state bodies were established in 1994.
A decision was issued to establish the Public Authority for Water in 2007.
The Public Authority for Water was replaced and the Drinking Water and Sanitation Unit was formed in 2012.
- Borrowing any money from banks and other institutions or otherwise, inside or outside Sudan, upon the recommendation of the competent minister and with the approval of the minister, within the limits of their objectives in a manner that does not exceed their assets.
- Acquiring, buying, selling, leasing and renting plots of land and real estate and constructing buildings on them within the limits of their purposes, with the approval of the Minister.
- Accepting gifts and subsidies provided by local, regional and international institutions and friendly countries for the sake of developing water services in Sudan after the approval of the Minister.
Developing drinking water policies, strategies and programs at the national level.
Planning, designing, setting standards and supervising the implementation of water projects at the national level.
Providing technical advice, preparing specifications and standard standards for water equipment, and taking responsibility for purchases and supplies of national character, especially imported materials, in accordance with the financial laws regulating this.
Technical inspection of water facilities to ensure their operation and maintenance in accordance with scientific standards and to determine the level of service.
- Coordination with international and local organizations to direct them to the areas of actual need for water, after the approval of the competent authorities.
Developing the necessary policies to train the Authority’s employees.
Proposing legislation, laws and water policies in the field of drinking water.
Saving information on drinking water and working on disseminating it to popularize the benefits.
Collecting periodic and annual reports from the states, analyzing them, and drafting the national report that clarifies the general position to facilitate the taking of sound decisions at the national level.
Representing Sudan in international conferences and forums that work to promote and develop a sector Drinking water.