Know Sudan


Sudan is located in the northeastern part of the continent of Africa between latitude 22.4 north of the equator and longitude 38.22 and occupies an intermediate position between Africa and the Arab world. This location has given Sudan a unique advantage as it is the main crossing between North and South of Africa, as it remained until the middle of the current century the main passage for pilgrims And trade from West Africa to the Holy Land and East Africa


Khartoum is the capital of Sudan and the capital of Khartoum State. It is located at the meeting point of the White Nile and the Blue Nile (Muqrin), to form together to the north the Nile River. It is the center of government in Sudan.

The history of the establishment of Khartoum as the capital goes back to the first decades of the nineteenth century during the period of the Ottoman Egyptian rule in Sudan, when it was taken as the capital of the country. However, its history as a site of human settlement is much further than that, as man has been present there since the Stone Age, and its location was the home of an ancient civilization known as the Kingdom of Alwa. The last century witnessed the first stage of its prosperity when architecture was built in the British-Egyptian era according to the English architectural style, which is still visible in the old buildings at the University of Khartoum and some government facilities overlooking the Nile, some of which were turned into museums open to the public.


Sudan is considered one of the oldest sites in the world in which settlement was known. The civilization system came out to the public in a Sudanese kingdom called the Kingdom of Taciti or the country of the arc, which dates back to the fourth millennium BC, and from which the hieroglyphic symbols emerged, where they were established before the emergence of civilization that was established in Egypt. Its lands are now under the waters of the High Dam

In 2500 BC, the Kingdom of Kerma was established, which is still standing in the daffofah since that time. The Kingdom of Kerma ended in 1500 BC. Among the most famous of its kings was King Nadah, who built the tambourine.

In the thousand BC, the Kingdom of Napata arose near Karima, and in it the Kushites were able to restore the rule of Egypt through the king in Anakhi and defeat the Assyrians through his son, King Taharqa, and in it the Kingdom of Meroe, which is located near Shendi, was an extension of the Kingdom of Napata, where it was established in the year 300 BC and ended in 250 AD and in which the Kushites were able Iron industry as the first country in Africa to know the iron industry. They also built study houses in Musawwarat al-Safra 'and established an astronomical observatory in the royal city of Kabushiya, in which they defeated the Romans through Queen Amani Rinas.


Sudan has an area of approximately 1,886,068 square kilometers (728,215 square miles), making it the third largest country by area in Africa and in the Arab world. Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world by area before the secession of South Sudan in 2011.


Sudan is dominated by a tropical climate, which is characterized by high temperatures most of the year and ranges from very dry in the far north to semi-humid in the south. The climate is desert and semi-desert in its north (Northern State, North Kordofan and North Darfur). It rains in the middle and in the south, and most of its land is flat plains, with heights in the east, the Nuba Mountains and Marra Mountains in the west. It lies between latitudes 8.45 degrees and 23.8 degrees north latitude, and longitudes 21.49 degrees to 38.24 degrees east. Annual rainfall rates range from nearly zero in the far north to 500 to 1000 mm in Sudan. The Nile, with its various tributaries, plays a vital role in the economic, social, and cultural life of Sudan and in external relations. The waters of the Nile and its tributaries are used to generate electricity from the reservoirs of Rosires, Sennar and Khashem al-Qirba, Mount Awlia and Meroe, and in navigation and fishing. The groundwater reserve is estimated at about (900) billion meters of water.


Handicraft industries appeared in Sudan as an economic activity and expressive of the environment that surrounds it and began to contribute to human communication. Horizons for dialogue between peoples have opened since ancient times, and they are ancient heritage professions.

The Fronds Industry

It has entered into many handicrafts since a long time ago, where he works in the form of braids from which baskets and braids are made, as well as brooches of all kinds, such as the prayer broom with the sprinkle of al-Anqrib. There is also al-Masha'ib, al-Hababa, cutting, and the manufacture of bags.

Pottery Industry

تعتبر صناعة الفخار فى السودان ، واحدة من أقدم الصناعات اليدوية التى تواصل صمودها رغم رياح التغيير محتفظة بروادها ومستخدميها, وتشتهر منطقة ” القماير” بمدينة أم درمان بالعاصمة السودانية الخرطوم بصناعة الفخار , منها اصص الأزهار بأحجامها واشكالها المختلفة وأزيار الماء ذات الشكل البيضاوي والمخروطي.

The Most Important Annual Festivals

Tourism and Tourist Shopping Festival

It is held annually in the Red Sea State in Port Sudan

Tourism and Shopping Festival

It is held annually in the state of Gezira in the city of Wad Medani

International Book Fair

It is held annually at the Khartoum International Fair in Khartoum State.

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