About the management
The General Administration of Groundwater and Wadis represents the main pillar of rural development in Sudan. Where it works in the field of water resources from groundwater and valley water, which are the backbone of life in all the countryside and most of the cities of Sudan, and it is a specialized department that performs applied research in the field of groundwater resources and valley water. The history of the establishment of groundwater research and surface water research goes back to the establishment of the National Rural Water Authority in 1966, when the authority began at that time to develop groundwater and surface water resources, which was known as "irrigation water". This mechanism entrusted with the management and development of groundwater resources and valley water witnessed great developments. Within the National Rural Water Authority before its dissolution in 1994. Groundwater research and surface water research were the core around which all the Authority’s activities in the field of water resource development were centered. When the water sector was restructured in 1994 AD, the General Administration of Groundwater Research and the research part of the Surface Water Department (wadis) transferred to the Water Resources Agency of the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources, and it was called the General Administration of Non-Nile Water and then the General Administration of Groundwater and Wadis in 2012.
The ministry contains
An estimated number of engineers with high scientific degrees in the field of various water resources (including hydrology, hydrogeology, geophysics, hydrochemistry, civil engineering, surveying) and technical engineers for groundwater research and valley research, and they are cadres with specializations and scientific experiences in the field of water resources evaluation and development. Presence in all sectors of administration at the level of the various states of Sudan.
Water Quality laboratories
A central chemistry laboratory in Khartoum specialized and recognized for issuing water validity certificates. - Secondary laboratories in Sennar, Kassala, Dongola and Kadugli
- Secondary laboratories in Sennar, Kassala, Dongola and Kadugli.
- Earth gravity devices
Electrical monitoring devices
- Following up the activities of underground drilling and correction, and determining the dimensions of the characteristics of underground reservoirs.
Supervising and developing engineering designs for wells, dams, small reservoirs and pits.
- Establishment and operation of monitoring stations on non-Nile valleys and rivers.
Utilizing radioisotope technology to find out groundwater recharge and water reconstruction.
Monitoring the behavior of ground and surface basins to know the parameters of quantitative and qualitative variables and determine how to exploit them.
Providing engineering consultancy in the field of groundwater resources and valley water for the public and private sector, as well as for local and international investors.
Contribute to developing and implementing water legislation.
Collect all available data on water in the country, especially groundwater.
Applying and cleaning that data and saving it in the various databases designed for that.
Developing, reviewing, correcting and comparing this data with recent data arriving at the center.
Analyzing, evaluating and processing data in different templates to facilitate submission to all beneficiaries.
Making hydrogeological and geophysical maps and preparing specialized maps for information.
Developing an information and data base to document and publish scientific information and reports.
Working with global, regional and local organizations in the field of water resources development and general rural development through integrated management of water resources.
Provide beneficiaries with information.
Publish and document information and reports.
Designing programs and systems that help in developing work.
Continuous exchange of information with regional offices for the purpose of information promotion, as well as with various relevant institutions.
Services provided by the department:
The administration has a huge database containing no less than twelve thousand of hydrogeological information for underground wells at the level of: Sudan, including
General information of the well
Geological description of the soil well drilled into
Well engineering design
Chemical analysis of well water
Numbering and re-numbering all maps in their field of specialization
Producing maps of different drawing sizes in their field of specialization
Field of geophysical studies:
Conducting geophysical surveys to determine the water-bearing layers and the dimensions of the basic rocks (Basement Complex), as well as to determine water quality using remote sensing technology
Providing technical consultations
Training university students on how to use geophysical survey to elicit information
Field of water analysis:
Analyzing water to find out its suitability for drinking, agriculture or industry.
Field of study of valleys:
- Monitoring the amounts of valley water during its flow period
Study the sites of pits and dams
Participation in laying out the most appropriate methods for harvesting valleys water